On this night, we light bonfires and have fireworks displays. We also often burn a figure of a man on the bonfire, called a Guy, which is why November 5th is called Guy Fawkes night (as well as Bonfire Night.)
So who was Guy Fawkes? In 1605, a protestant king, King James was on the throne. Catholics had already suffered 45 years of persecution and were a bit fed up. A group of Catholics, including Mr Guido Fawkes, decided to blow up the houses of Parliament and assassinate the King. Guy Fawkes was in the cellar of the Houses of Parliament, just about to light the fuse on the gunpowder, when he was discovered.
Guy Fawkes was tortured until he revealed the names of the other plotters. They were all hung, drawn and quartered. November 5th became a day of thanksgiving and soon became a day known for anti-Catholicism and disorder.
These days even the Catholics enjoy Guy Fawkes night.